Local boot on old Scaleway instances via kexec
Old instances (e.g. VC1S) don’t have the possibility to run kernel from upstream Linux distribution (you can’t reinstall using EFI), instead they use a kernel provided by Scaleway team, which is not regularly updated.
Fortunately, Scaleway has hidden features in their boot process that allow to run kexec which makes it possible to run the kernel of your choice.
These features are provided by setting tags on the instance in the Scaleway console.
This guide leads you to enable kexec on your instance.
Install a kernel on the server
apt install linux-image-amd64
apt install linux-kvm # or: linux-image-generic
Check that symbolic links have been created
linux-update-symlinks is ran by APT to create symbolic links on
ls -l /vmlinuz /initrd.img
This should point to the kernel that has just been installed in
Install a network daemon
apt install ifupdown
/etc/network/interfaces and comment out lines for
iface ens2 inet dhcp
Edit fstab for mounting disks on boot
blkid to get disk UUIDs.
/etc/fstab so it will mount all your disks to the proper mount points
UUID=xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx / ext4 rw,relatime 0 1
This step is important or it will only mount
/dev/vda as read-only.
If you miss this step, you can still remount it as read-write:
mount -o remount,rw /
Check that setup is working
I advise you to disable the services you don’t want to start at boot in your tests, as these could be killed later if you restart your instance on Scaleway console.
systemctl status # check what units you want to disable
systemctl disable ...
Then install kexec locally:
apt install kexec-tools
When it asks whether or not to manage boot process, choose no.
It might be useful to open now the console of your instance (a virtual TTY) on the Scaleway console, to check the output of the boot process, in case of an error. Note that it often stays blank and doesn’t work, but it is very useful when it does.
Be aware that the network interface will be renamed from
You might want to update your firewall rules accordingly.
When you are ready, run these two commands and you’ll be logged out of SSH, as kernel runs kexec:
kexec -l /vmlinuz --initrd=/initrd.img --reuse-cmdline
If server seems not responsive or failed to boot, you can restart the server on Scaleway console. Note that as networking service has been enabled, it will probably fail to start and blocks the boot process for 5 minutes. Check the console for when it happens.
Edit Scaleway tags
When you have confirmed that your setup is working, add these two tags to make Scaleway boot process to run kexec by itself:
Add the first tag, press space, then add the second tag, press space again.
Reboot your server (using reboot via SSH) and profit!
Note: if you previously disabled some services, you can restart these now:
systemctl enable --now ...
Copyright © 2021, Elouan Martinet (Exagone313) — This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.